Few countries are so blessed with breathtaking natural scenery as Canada, with that beauty exemplified in the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks: Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho, and the provincial parks of Mount Robson, Mount Assinboine and Hamber.
Add in the breathtaking vistas at famous Niagara Falls, and you’ve got many choices of spectacular natural attractions to explore in this vast land.
The area that is now Banff National Park was discovered when three Canadian Pacific Railway workers stumbled across a cave containing hot springs on an eastern slope of Alberta’s Rocky Mountains in 1883. Banff became Canada’s first national park, and the world’s third. Covering 2564 square miles, the park contains some of the most beautiful scenery in the world: valleys, mountains, glaciers, forests, meadows and rivers.
The power and beauty of nature is on full display at Niagara Falls, one of the great wonders of the world. From the Maid of Mist to Journey Behind the Falls there are plenty of ways to experience it, and for children Niagara Falls is even more – it’s a theme park with ultra-tall buildings like the Skylon Tower, water parks inside hotels, and an educational experience with the Butterfly Conservatory and Marineland.
Active glaciers and ice fields still exist in Canada’s National Parks. The most significant is the Columbia ice field which is the largest in North America, spanning the Continental Divide and the boundary between Jasper and Banff National Parks. The glaciers and ice fields of Jasper National Park form the headwaters of three major river systems and help support the abundant wildlife throughout the area. In the meadows and forests of Canada’s National Parks it’s not unusual to spot bighorn sheep, moose, mule and white-tail deer, or caribou. The parks are also home to carnivores including the grey wolf, grizzly bear, black bear, wolverine, lynx and puma.
Surrounded by so much beauty, native Canadians and visitors to the country can take advantage of the scenery and participate in a multitude of outdoor activities including camping, fishing, hiking, mountain biking, climbing, kayaking, canoeing, or snowshoeing along the miles of trails.